HTML Helpers

Here, you will learn what HTML helpers are and how to use them in the razor view.

The HtmlHelper class renders HTML controls in the razor view. It binds the model object to HTML controls to display the value of model properties into those controls and also assigns the value of the controls to the model properties while submitting a web form. So always use the HtmlHelper class in razor view instead of writing HTML tags manually.

The following figure shows the use of the HtmlHelper class in the razor view.

html helpers
HTML Helpers

In the above figure, @Html is an object of the HtmlHelper class. (@ symbol is used to access server-side object in razor syntax). Html is a property of the HtmlHelper class included in base class of razor view WebViewPage. The ActionLink() and DisplayNameFor() are extension methods included in the HtmlHelper class.

The HtmlHelper class generates HTML elements. For example, @Html.ActionLink("Create New", "Create") would generate anchor tag <a href="/Student/Create">Create New</a>.

There are many extension methods for HtmlHelper class, which creates different HTML controls.

The following table lists the HtmlHelper methods and HTML control each method renders.

Extension Method Strongly Typed Method Html Control
Html.ActionLink() NA <a></a>
Html.TextBox() Html.TextBoxFor() <input type="textbox">
Html.TextArea() Html.TextAreaFor() <input type="textarea">
Html.CheckBox() Html.CheckBoxFor() <input type="checkbox">
Html.RadioButton() Html.RadioButtonFor() <input type="radio">
Html.DropDownList() Html.DropDownListFor() <select>
Html.ListBox() Html.ListBoxFor() multi-select list box: <select>
Html.Hidden() Html.HiddenFor() <input type="hidden">
Html.Password() Html.PasswordFor() <input type="password">
Html.Display() Html.DisplayFor() HTML text: ""
Html.Label() Html.LabelFor() <label>
Html.Editor() Html.EditorFor() Generates Html controls based on data type of specified model property e.g. textbox for string property, numeric field for int, double or other numeric type.

The difference between calling the HtmlHelper methods and using an HTML tags is that the HtmlHelper method is designed to make it easy to bind to view data or model data.

Learn about various HtmlHelper methods in the next few sections.